Ngorongoro Crater

The Ngorongoro Crater is the world’s largest intact and unfilled volcanic caldera and the Ngorongoro Conservation Area’s main tourist attraction. It is the largest and most scenic crater in the Ngorongoro Conservation Area, with a large concentration of wildlife. It is also one of Africa’s Seven Natural Wonders due to its breathtaking natural features. The Ngorongoro Crater is known as a home to over 25,000 animals, including the big five: elephants, buffaloes, rhinos, lions, and leopards.

Other animals found in this crater include hippos, hyenas, warthogs, zebras, elands, gazelles, and wildebeests, to name a few. This makes Ngorongoro Crater the best site in Tanzania to spot and easily watch the big five and other wild species.

More on the Crater

The crater rim and its floor provide the best viewing and photographing opportunities. History records that the crater was the ideal spot on the planet where humans and nature interacted more closely than anywhere else, and today, one can glance at the settlements and cemeteries of the area’s earliest breasts.

Geological records show that the cone of the volcanic caldera collapses inwards, forming what is currently known as a crater. The site is named after a Maasai phrase, ‘orgirra le kkoro’gorro,’ which means “Bi’ Bowl.” The area’s early “r document “action misspelled the word ‘kkorongorro’ in’ today’s Ng’rongortoday’sits intricate depth’ caldera/depth resulting in Ng’rongoro Crater.

The Ngorongoro Crater is a peculiar geographical feature with diverse habitats such as grasslands, swamps, rivers, and woodlands, making it uniquely abundant in wildlife and vegetation. It is a natural formation that allows animals to wander in and out freely throughout the year. It is well-known for being a better place where local and international tourists can observe wildlife behavior more quickly than anywhere else.

Geologically, the Ngorongoro Crater was formed approximately 2.5 million years ago when a massive volcano (nearly the size of the present-day Mt. Kilimanjaro) burst and collapsed due to continuous tectonic activities and movements. The area covers almost 260 square kilometers, has a diameter of approximately 20 kilometers, and is a massive volcanic caldera that collapsed to a depth of 610 meters.

What to expect during the year

The best times to visit Ngorongoro Crater are June to March, when the peak season crowds have thinned and the dry conditions are still excellent for wildlife spotting. That said, Ngorongoro Crater is a year-round destination where the wet seasons are great for photography and birding.


There are usually breaks in There’sns in January and February before the long rains begin in March. Migratory birds are in the region, and photographic conditions are excellent, with lush landscapes and clear skies. There are also fewer tourists traveling to the area at this time.


April sees the most rainfall at the peak of the long rains. They slow in May with afternoon showers that shouldn’t affect your safety. It’s an excellent time to avoid crowds and view wildlife. This is also the cheapest time to travel. June is dry and a great month to visit just before peak season begins.


It’s peak season in TarangirIt’suItis doesn’t affect Oliver’s Camp; Oliver’s a private concession. The dry conditions are perfect for spotting wildlife gathering around waterholes.


Why travel at this time

This a great time to travel. Peak season crowds have thinned out, and the rates are lower. October is still dry. The short rains, which peak in December, revive the arid landscape, and the migratory birds begin to arrive from the northern hemisphere.


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